Scotland’s population continues to increase

Edinburgh festivalThe estimated population of Scotland continued to rise last year to reach a new record of 5,404,700.

Figures published by the National Records of Scotland (NRS) show a rise of 31,700 (0.6%) people over the year to the end of June 2016.

The increase over the last year has been driven by migration to Scotland which exceeded migration from the country by 31,700 people. This included a net increase of 22,900 people from overseas and 8,800 from the rest of the UK.

The number of deaths exceeded the number of births by 800, while other changes (such as in the prison population, and changes in the number of armed forces stationed in Scotland) resulted in an increase of 800 people.

2016 population increaseThe most recent increase in Scotland’s population of 31,700 (0.6%) compares with an increase of 25,400 (0.5%) in the previous year to 30 June 2015.

The main reason for the higher population increase is that net migration to Scotland increased from 28,000 in 2014-15 to 31,700 in 2015-16.

Natural change (births minus deaths) resulted in a loss of 800 people in the year to 30 June 2016, compared with a loss of 2,000 in the previous year. The year-on-year change was driven by 1,800 fewer deaths, partially offset by 600 fewer births.

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